:lock: Secure and accessible dark theme static website generator for Hugo https://after-dark.habd.as
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index-blocking.md 2.6KB

+++ title = “Index Blocking” description = “Define pages to prevent them from appearing in search.” categories = [“search”] tags = [“links”, “search”, “robots”, “metadata”] features = [“code highlighter”, “related content”, “snippets”] copyright owner = “Josh Habdas” date = “2019” license = “agpl-3.0-or-later” +++

After Dark uses the noindex robots meta directive to prevent search engines from crawling and indexing certain parts of your site. It appears in the HTML document head and looks like this:

<meta name="robots" content="noindex">

Unlike {{< external href=“http://www.robotstxt.org” text=“robots.txt” />}} meta directives are defined within page content itself and unambiguously indicate which, if any, pages should be blocked from indexing — even if some of those pages appear in your site’s {{< external href=“https://gohugo.io/templates/sitemap-template/” text=“Sitemap” />}}.

To facilitate the discovery of index blocked pages Fuzzy Search utilizes the very same meta directive exposed to search engines to prevent disclosure of pages in its own result listings. Therefore, if a page can be found in fuzzy search, that page may ultimately appear on a search engine result page.

Adjust index blocking per-page using noindex {{< external href=“https://gohugo.io/content-management/front-matter/” text=“Front Matter” />}}:

noindex = true # set false or remove to unblock

Block entire sections using an _index.md file with the above setting:

├── content
│   ├── legal
│   │   ├── _index.md
│   │   ├── terms.md
│   │   └── privacy.md
│   ├── post

By default the following page types are blocked automatically:

  • Section listings automatically linked to from the Section Menu;
  • Taxonomy Pages such as Category, Tag and terms listings; and,
  • If enabled, the Fuzzy Search page or any deep-linked result within.

Adjust defaults using the noindex_kinds setting from {{< external href=“https://gohugo.io/getting-started/configuration/” text=“Site Configuration” />}}. For example, to enable crawling of section pages add the following to the config:

  noindex_kinds = [
  ] # crawl "section" pages

Learn about {{< external href=“https://moz.com/learn/seo/robots-meta-directives” text=“Robots Meta Directives on Moz” />}} and see how Google uses noindex in {{< external href=“https://support.google.com/webmasters/answer/93710” text=“Block search indexing with ‘noindex’” />}}.